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Balancing Risk and Returns in Mortgage Investment Corporation Management

Mortgage Investment Corporations (MICs) have gained prominence as an alternative investment vehicle. Designed to offer investors exposure to the mortgage market while providing steady returns, MICs require careful management to navigate the complexities of the mortgage landscape, ensure regulatory compliance, and strike a balance between risk and return.

MIC Structure and Governance

MICs, like regular companies, pick directors and officers and form committees. They also issue different types of shares. Firstly, they have common voting shares, letting owners make decisions. Secondly, there are preferred non-voting shares, offering no decision-making but more benefits. Each share type grants different rights and levels of participation in profits and closing proceedings. These structures allow various opportunities for investors, each with unique advantages and responsibilities.

Mortgage brokers and agents with provincial licenses have the key role in properly running Mortgage Investment Corporations (MICs). They find, assess, get, and manage mortgages to increase profits and lower risks. Their ongoing job includes using new investment funds wisely. They also move funds from settled mortgages to new mortgage chances. They aim to use every dollar effectively. This way, they ensure to keep a minimum risk with maximum return. They are crucial for maintaining a balanced and profitable mortgage portfolio. Their work is pivotal in making sure MICs operate smoothly and successfully.

The Credit Review Committee is vital in MIC management. It includes shareholders with a stake in guarding their investments. They meticulously review and decide on mortgage applications in the portfolio. This approach shields investors while considering market trends and possible hazards. Therefore, the committee can reject or approve mortgage applications.

Brokers who earn from arranging mortgages cannot be on Credit Committees to avoid biased decisions. This practice ensures fairness and safeguards investor interests. Additionally, every year, independent accountants check the MIC’s books. They confirm that all dealings are right and clear. Thus, this process guarantees proper reporting upholding responsibility.

Tax Implications and Investor Relations

Tax Implications and Investor Relations

In Ontario, Mortgage Investment Corporations (MICs) need a provincial license to get tax benefits. These benefits are stated in section 130.1 of the Income Tax Act (ITA). To qualify, the corporation must meet certain conditions. Meeting these conditions lets the corporation lower its taxable income. This reduction is based on the taxable dividends paid during the year. It can also apply to dividends paid within 90 days after the year ends.

MICs offer a range of investment options, from RRSPs, RRIFs, DPSPs, RESPs to TFSAs. Distributions from MIC investments held through these options are taxed as per their respective regulations. Investors inject funds into the MIC, receiving company shares in exchange. Preferred shares entitle shareholders to a proportional share of the MIC’s mortgage income. For RRSP investments, trustees hold the preferred share certificate in trust.

Projected returns from MICs range between 6% and 12% annually, disbursed quarterly as dividends. Taxed as interest income, these dividends can be received as cash or reinvested back into the MIC. Dividends are flexible, either collected as funds or additional shares. However, MIC shares do not qualify as investments for plan trusts.

Managing Income and Expenses

A key aspect of MIC management is generating returns while controlling expenses. Net income equals revenues minus expenses. Management fees, audits, and professional fees constitute principal expenses, while revenue sources include mortgage interest, fees, penalties, property revenue, and capital gains dividends.

MICs are mandated to distribute 100% of annual net income before taxes as dividends to shareholders. Striking this balance ensures shareholders receive their fair share of the returns while allowing the corporation to remain viable and competitive.


Running a Mortgage Investment Corporation (MIC) is tricky and needs smart money handling, following rules, and careful risk management. MICs have a complicated system that needs good leaders to keep investors’ trust, give good returns, and work well in the changing money world. By sticking to strict rules, being open, and using smart investment plans, MICs can be good investment chances and important parts of the bigger financial world.

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